Ha Noi – Hung Yen
Departing from the pier in Bo De pagoda (Long Bien district, Ha Noi), visitors will visit some outstanding cultural and historical relics along Red river belonging to Thuong Tien district (Ha Noi) such as Dam temple, Dai Lo temple.
Locating in Xam Duong village (Ninh So commune), Dam temple worships Thoai mother, one of 3 mothers in Vietnamese people’s consciousness. The temple situates in a wide campus, with the banyan of 800 years.
About 300m from Dam temple, visitors coming to Dai Lo village, Ninh So commune can visit Dai Lo temple which is next to Red river’s dike. This is both a famous temple and a cultural and regional center in the village. The temple was built under the reign of Tran dynasty; it worships 4 women in harem called Thuong Thien, Thuong Ngan, Thoai and Dia.
After visiting Dai Lo temple, tourists will visit Xich Dang Temple of Literature in Pho Hien. Xich Dang Temple of Literature is the place to worship Confucius – the founder of Confucianism and his excellent students including Manh Tu, Tang Tu, Tu Tu and Nhan Tu. Moreover, the middle of the room is the place to worship Chu Van An, a talent and moral teacher of Tran Dynasty, who is honored “the ancestor of Confucianism in Vietnam”. Two bronze statues were sampled from the Temple of Literature (Quoc Tu Giam, Hanoi) and were donated in 2003. The most valuable items of the Literature Temple are 09 stone steles, 08 of which were built in the 3rd year of King Dong Khanh (1888), and the remaining stele was built in the 18th year of King Bao Dai (1943). These steles were inscribed with the names of 161 talented scholars of Ancient Son Nam (Hung Yen had 138 scholars).
After visiting Xich Dang Temple of Literature, tourists can go to Bell Pagoda (Hien Nam ward, Hung Yen city). Bell pagoda was built under the reign of Later Le Dynasty, and it was upgraded in 1702. The pagoda has the structure of “Noi cong ngoai quoc” including three-door entrance gate, forecourt, front-worshipping rooms, 02 corridors, Ancestor worshipping house and Mother worshipping house. The most valuable thing of Bell pagoda is the stone stele dating back to 1711. This stele shows the formation and development of Pho Hien in the past in the 16th – 17th century. Additionally, the stele named the scene of the pagoda and the names of contributors of the pagoda’s restoration.
After that, tourists can discover Hien pagoda in Mau Duong village, Hong Chau ward, Hung Yen city. Hien Pagoda worships Nam Hai Buddha - Patron saint of Chinese people. It was built under the reign of Ly Dynasty, and it was upgraded in 1892. In front of Hien pagoda, there is an ancient longan tree with the age of over 300 years. Longan is a special food of Hung Yen province. In the past, longan was selected to worship Buddha and donated to the King. It can be said that ancient longan tree is considered as a symbol of Hung Yen land. The most valuable things of Hien pagoda are 2 stone steles. The stone stele dating back to 1625 shows that Pho Hien used to be a busy commercial port with crowded streets and markets. The stone stele dating back to 1709 named 10 streets and wards of Pho Hien in the past.
To continue, visitors will come to Mother temple in Quang Trung ward. Mother temple worships Ms. Duong Quy Phi – the Royal Second Wife of King Tong De Binh in China in the 13th century. She was a talent and pretty woman. In order to protect her faithfulness for her husband and her nation, she decided to jump into the sea when she was chased by Mongol invaders. Her body floated to the estuary of Pho Hien; Pho Hien inhabitants fished her body from the river and built a temple to worship her. Visiting the temple, visitors will surely feel the peaceful and quiet atmosphere of the temple. There is an ancient tree of over 700 years which cover the entire temple. The ancient tree is the great combination of three old trees Da (banyan), Sanh and Si.
Coming to Hung Yen, visitors should visit Da Hoa Temple (Binh Minh commune, Khoai Chau district). This temple worships Saint Chu Dong Tu and his two wives: Tien Dung princess and Tay Sa princess. Chu Dong Tu is one of 4 immortals spirits of Vietnam. He was a very poor man. But he could get married to Tien Dung princess. She was the daughter of the 18th Hung King. The love of Chu Dong Tu and Tien Dung has become one of the most beautiful love story of Vietnamese traditional literature. Da Hoa temple is the place to show love, filial love and no class distinction. This temple was built on the ground of an ancient temple. It was restored by Doctor Chu Manh Trinh in 1894. The temple has the structure of Nguyen Dynasty. It has a total area of over 18.000 m2, facing the West. There are 3 areas in the temple like the outside area, middle area and inside are.