Phu Ung Temple
Around 45 km to the East from Hanoi, Phu Ung temple situate at Phu Ung hamlet, Phu Ung commune, An Thi dis trict, Hung Yen province. The temple worships General Commander Pham Ngu Lao – the talent commander of Tran Hung Dao.
Pham Ngu Lao was born in 1225 in Phu Ung village, An Thi district. He was an excellent general, who was trusted by Tran Quoc Tuan (Tran Hung Dao). Pham Ngu Lao had great merits in both resistance war against Mongol invaders of our nation and protection of Southwest border of the country. More interestingly, Pham Ngu Lao always appeared in important battles; his life was associated with war and victories. He died at his house in Thang Long. After his death, he was ordained as “Thuong dang phuc than”
Locating on the beautiful land, Phu Ung temple relic group has valuable and rare architecture and sculpture of Hung Yen. The temple is divided into two areas namely outside area and inside area. The outside area consists of royal tombs, temples, stele house, etc. The main sanctum, which worships General Commander Pham Ngu Lao, includes 05 front-worship rooms and 03 harems. Besides, Duc Tien Cong Temple locates on the left of the outside area, Mother Temple situates opposite the road.
On the other hand, the inside area is arranged following the structure of “Front is God, back is Buddha” including the temple of Tinh Hue princess (the daughter of Pham Ngu Lao), Bao Son pagoda (Cam An Tu), the tomb of Vu Hong Luong (it was made of stone with famous curving architecture of Later Le Dynasty).
Phu Ung temple was recognized as national cultural and historical relic in 1988. Every year, the temple festival is held on January 11th to commemorate great merits of Pham Ngu Lao. The festival attracts thousands of visitors. It is said that visiting Phu Ung temple is the way to express the respect to a talent and excellent general of Viet Nam. Also, it is the time to enjoy unique beauty of a famous peaceful temple.