Hai Thuong Lan Ong Le Huu Trac

People cannot talk about physicians without talking about Hai Thuong Lan Ong Le Huu Trac, who had great love for curing people with his transcendent talent. Hai Thuong Lan Ong Le Huu Trac (1720-1791), who had birth name called Le Huu Huan, was born in Lieu Xa village, Duong Hao district, Thuong Hong, Hai Duong Province (now is Lieu Xa hamlet, Lieu Xa commune, Yen My district, Hung Yen province). His father is Le Huu Muu, his mother is Bui Thi Thuong, and his cousins were excellent people who were important mandarins under the reign of Le – Trinh dynasty.

The nickname “Hai Thuong Lan Ong” means the lazy man in Hai Thuong. When Le Huu Trac was a child, he studied with his father in Kinh Ky, Thang Long, and he passed “Tam truong” examinations (three exams in the past). However, when his father died, he gave up his career and changed to study martyr art. He won many victories in many battles. After several years of war, he hated scenes of blood and deads; therefore, after hearing that his brother died and because of old mother, Le Huu Trac asked to come back to his hometown and lived with his mother in Bau Thuong hamlet, Son Quang commune, Huong Son district, Hung Yen province. After having an illness, cured and transmitted knowledge of medicine by Tran Doc physician, Le Huu Trac decided to become a physician to save and help people.
With knowledge of astronomy, geography, five elements of yin and yang, together with his intelligence, Le Huu Trac learnt about medicine very quickly. His life is a forceful proof of medical etiquette without high tone of many explanations.

Le Huu Trac is the founder of medicine, who wrote the book “Y Tong Tam Linh” compiled in nearly 40 years with 28 episodes and 66 volumes. It is said that the book “Y Tong Tam Linh” is the quintessence of human medicine and Vietnamese traditional medicine.

Moreover, Le Huu Trac was not only a physician but also a talent writer with his work called “Thuong kinh ky su”. The work illustrates the author's ego, who was an honest man, ignored fame and disgusted mandarinate. During 40 years of being physician, Hai Thuong Lan Ong devoted all his thoughts and life for curing people, upholding medicine morality, dedicating and researching carefully, compiling, teaching, accumulating experiences and building traditional medicine for his country.

Hai Thuong Lan Ong Le Huu Trac died on 15th Januany, 1791 at Bau Thuong (Now is Son Quang commune, Huong Son district, Ha Tinh province) when he was71 years old. After his death, his descendants and villagers constructed house of worshipping him.


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