General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh
Hung Yen is the hometown of many celebrities; especially, it is the hometown of General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh.
Nguyen Van Cuc (Muoi Cuc) is the real name of General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh. He was born on July 1st. 1915 at Yen Phu village, Giai Pham commune, Yen My district. His father’s name was Nguyen Van Lan.
When he was a child, he used to suffer much unhappiness. For example, his mother died when he was 4 years old; his mother died when he was 11 years old. Therefore, he lived with his uncle namely Nguyen Van Hung in Hai Phong province. Despite having many children, Mr. Hung gave favorable conditions for the energetic orphan nephew. He studied at Bonal school in Hai Phong where people could have desire for independence and freedom.
Living in a country ruled by invaders, Cuc's patriotism was shown when he was very young. He participated in revolutionary agencies led by the Communist Party. However difficult any circumstances and any task were, he could accomplish excellently and make great contributions to the revolutionary cause of the Party and the country.
On May 1st, 1930, when involving in the distribution of leaflets against the French colonialism, he was arrested with life-imprisonment sentence and sent to Con Dao Island. Among the political prisoners here, he was the youngest one.
In 1936, when the Democracy Front came into power in French and encouraged the expansion of freedom and democracy, the French colonial government in Indochina released some political prisoners including Nguyen Van Cuc. That year, he joined the Indochinese Communist Party and was sent to Hai Phong for a special task. In Hai Phong, along with other comrades, he established a number of trustworthy and loyal revolutionary bases and Hai Phong Provisional Party Committee.
In 1939, he went to work in Sai Gon and participated in the Executive Board of Sai Gon Party Committee. When the Second World War broke out in 1939, many revolutionary bases throuhout the whole country were suppressed and dissolved by the French colonial government; he was assigned to go to the Central region to resume contact with the remaining revolutionary bases in these provinces for establishing the Regional Party Committee. In early 1941, he was arrested again and sent to Sai Gon with 5-year imprisonment sentence and then sent to Con Dao for the second time.
After the August Revolution - 1945, Nguyen Van Linh returned to the South to lead the resistance movement in Sai Gon - Cho Lon. In 1949, he participated in the Standing Board of Southern Party Committee. From 1957 to 1960, he took responsibility of Acting Secretary of Southern Party Committee.
He was selected in the Executive Board of the Communist Party of Vietnam in the third National Congress (1960). During the resistance war against American Imperialism for Southern liberation, as the Deputy Secretary and then the Secretary of Southern Party Committee, he and other leaders of The Southern Party Committee, led the resistance war against American Imperialism to a landslide victory in the spring of 1975.
When two parts of the country were reunified, he was selected as the Secretary of Ho Chi Minh City’s Party Committee. Then in the fourth National Congress (1976), he was elected to be a member of the Executive Board of Central Committee and then Politburo, Secretariat of Central Committee. He held several positions including Head of Re-education Board, Head of Advocacy and Fatherland Front and Head of Vietnam Trade Union. From 1981 to 1986, he was appointed as the Secretary of Ho Chi Minh City’s Party Committee.
In the 5th National Congress (1982), he was elected as a member of Executive Board of Central Committee. After that, he moved to the Politburo and Secretariat Committee and then became a standing member of Secretariat Board of Central Committee.
In the 6th National Congress (1986), he was elected as General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam. Nguyen Van Linh was one of Party’s leaders who initiated the renovation and changed the central bureaucracy mechanism to multi-sectoral economy with State-regulated market mechanism under socialist orientation.
In 1987, he wrote a number of articles clarifying the view of renovation. Issues mentioned in his document “Urgent tasks” pushed up relevant State agencies to timely solve encountered problems in daily life and fight against corruption as well as create the changes in the point of view of many people.
In the 7th National Congress (1991), he left the position of General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam and served as the Advisor of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
He died on April 27th, 1998 in Ho Chi Minh City. Due to great dedication throughout his life for the country, the Vietnamese Party and our nation has spent special emotional gratitude to Mr. Nguyen Van Linh. In order to show the tradition “Drink water, remember its source”, Hung Yen leaders decided to build the memorial house on the ancient land of Nguyen Van Linh’s family at Giai Pham commune, Yen My district, Hung Yen province. The memorial house was inaugurated on 27th September, 2004; it has currently total area of 4.685 m2 including house of incense offering, display house, etc. Also, the memorial house has structure of traditional North Delta worshipping house. The main area is a five-room memorial display house with the area of 254 m2. Here, the General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh is worshipped in the middle of the house, his ancestors are worshipped on the right, and Kitchen God is worshipped on the left. Moreover, there are Horizontal lacquered board and parallel sentences to praise his merits for the country.